If you are a high school or college student, then there will definitely be a time when you find yourself in a position in which you need to cite a research paper , dissertation, annotated bibliography etc.
Using these formatting styles helps to ensure that the writers do not engage in plagiarism and it also simplifies the process of locating sources used within the essay.
It is used in areas such as English studies, comparative literature, foreign language and literature or cultural studies. It is an academic style guide extensively used in the United States, Canada, and other countries.
It mostly provides guidelines for writing and documentation of research in humanities and English literature. There are four key components that come with setting up your research paper within proper MLA rules:.
Set the line spacing from single to double-spaced. This makes reading the text less crammed on the eye and allows the professor to make necessary comments in a neat and organized manner.
Create a header that has your last name as well as the automatic page number. This is done to keep track of the page order, and it also looks pleasant on the eye! Lastly, enter the required course information on the top-left corner of the front page. It should look like this:. The most obvious time to use an in-text citation is when you use a quote from a source directly or refer to it by title or author.
If the author's name is included as a feature of your sentence, then you only have to include the page number in the bracket. Human beings have been described by Kenneth Burke as "symbol-using animals" 3.
In-text citations are most times parenthetical, which means that information are always added to the end of the sentence in parentheses. But if you include that necessary information in the language of the sentence itself, you should not include the parenthetical citation.
For example, if the author's name is found within the in-text citation, then there is no need to add it at the end; simply add the page number, and your referencing is finished! Having two sources from the same author of an in-text citation may confuse the reader.
When they check the source of the citation, they will find two different articles. To avoid this confusion, you must include a short title of the research citation, so the readers know which of the citations to look for. Begin the list on a new page. The list contains the same running head as the main text.
The page numbering in the running head continues uninterrupted throughout. For example, if the text of your research paper including any endnotes ends on page 10, the works-cited list begins on page Center the title, Works Cited , an inch from the top of the page fig.
If the list contains only one entry, make the heading Work Cited. Double-space between the title and the first entry. Begin each entry flush with the left margin; if an entry runs more than one line, indent the subsequent line or lines half an inch from the left margin. This format is sometimes called hanging indention , and you can set your writing program to create it automatically for a group of paragraphs.
Hanging indention makes alphabetical lists easier to use. Double-space the entire list. Continue it on as many pages as necessary. Place tables and illustrations as close as possible to the parts of the text to which they relate. A table is usually labeled Table , given an arabic numeral, and titled. Type both label and title flush left on separate lines above the table, and capitalize them as titles do not use all capital letters.
Give the source of the table and any notes immediately below the table in a caption. To avoid confusion between notes to the text and notes to the table, designate notes to the table with lowercase letters rather than with numerals. Double-space throughout; use dividing lines as needed fig.
Any other type of illustrative visual material—for example, a photograph, map, line drawing, graph, or chart—should be labeled Figure usually abbreviated Fig. If the caption of a table or illustration provides complete information about the source and the source is not cited in the text, no entry for the source in the works-cited list is necessary.
Musical illustrations are labeled Example usually abbreviated Ex. Pyotr Ilich Tchaikovsky, Symphony no. Use a high-quality printer. Proofread and correct your research paper carefully before submitting it. If you are checking a printout and find a mistake, reopen the document, make the appropriate revisions, and reprint the corrected page or pages. Be sure to save the changed file. Spelling checkers and usage checkers are helpful when used with caution.
They do not find all errors and sometimes label correct material as erroneous. Do not use the margins or write a change below the line it affects. If corrections on any page are numerous or substantial, revise your document and reprint the page. Pages of a printed research paper may get misplaced or lost if they are left unattached or merely folded down at a corner.
Many prefer that a paper be secured with a simple paper or binder clip, which can be easily removed and restored. Others prefer the use of staples. There are at present no commonly accepted standards for the electronic submission of research papers.
MLA is the formatting style of the Modern Language Association. It is used in areas such as English studies, comparative literature, foreign language and literature or cultural studies. It is an academic style guide extensively used in the United States, Canada, and other countries.
MLA (Modern Language Association) style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities. This resource, updated to reflect the MLA Handbook (8 th ed.), offers examples for the general format of MLA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the Works Cited page.
Formatting a Research Paper If your instructor has specific requirements for the format of your research paper, check them before preparing your final draft. When you submit your paper. How to Cite a Paper in MLA November 07, How to Write If you are a high school or college student, then there will definitely be a time when you find yourself in a position in which you need to cite a research paper, dissertation, annotated bibliography etc.
Writers often use research reports as sources of information. The "MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (7th ed.)" does not suggest a specific format for citing reports. Plagiarism is a serious issue and the consequences can be severe. In educational institutions, research papers are often checked with anti-plagiarism software, and students are expected to follow specific style guidelines given by the instructor. In some college liberal arts .