Paradoxically, however, Christian warfare consists less in inflicting wounds on others than in suffering the effects of sin patiently, that is, by bearing the cross. The disasters that afflict human existence, though punishments for the wicked, are an education for the believer; they strengthen faith, develop humility, purge wickedness, and compel him to keep alert and look to God for help.
The second traditional metaphor for the Christian life employed by Calvin, that of a journey or pilgrimage — i. Notable in this conception is a single-mindedness often associated with Calvinism: Christians must look straight ahead to the goal and be distracted by nothing, looking neither to the right nor left. Calvin allows them to love the good things in this life, but only within limits.
Thus the Christian life is a strenuous progress in holiness, which, through the constant effort of the individual to make the whole world obedient to God, will also be reflected in the progressive sanctification of the world.
These processes, however, will never be completed in this life. For Calvin even the most developed Christian in this world is like an adolescent, yearning to grow into, though still far from, the full stature of Christ. The latter organized their own churches, Presbyterian or Congregational , which brought Calvinism to North America. Even today these churches, along with the originally German Evangelical and Reformed Church , recall Calvin as their founding father.
More recently Protestant interest in the social implications of the Gospel and Protestant neo-orthodoxy, as represented by Karl Barth , Emil Brunner , and Reinhold Niebuhr , reflects the continuing influence of John Calvin.
Much the same thing can be said about efforts to link Calvinism to the rise of modern science ; although Puritans were prominent in the scientific movement of 17th-century England , Calvin himself was indifferent to the science of his own day.
His own political instincts were highly conservative , and he preached the submission of private persons to all legitimate authority.
But, like Italian humanists, he personally preferred a republic to a monarchy. In confronting the problem posed by rulers who actively opposed the spread of the Gospel, he advanced a theory of resistance, kept alive by his followers, according to which lesser magistrates might legitimately rebel against kings.
Unlike most of his contemporaries, furthermore, Calvin included among the proper responsibilities of states not only the maintenance of public order but also a positive concern for the general welfare of society. Calvinism has a place, therefore, in the development of liberal political thought. From his time to the present Calvinism has meant a peculiar seriousness about Christianity and its ethical implications.
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View All Media 4 Images. If you prefer to suggest your own revision of the article, you can go to edit mode requires login. Thank you for your feedback. Facts matter and Britannica Insights makes it easier to find them. Calvin is also in distinction to many of his later successors who look a future fulfillment.
Dutch theologian Jacobus Arminius , after whom the anti-Calvinistic movement Arminianism was named, says with regard to the value of Calvin's writings: Calvin's body of letters has not received the wide readership of the Institutes and bible commentaries since his correspondence obviously addressed the particular needs and occasions of his day.
Even so, the scale of his letter writing was just as prodigious as his better-known works: Warfield calls Calvin "the great letter-writer of the Reformation age. His letters, often written under the pseudonym Charles d'Espeville,  concern issues ranging from disputes about local theater  to raising support for fledgling churches  to choosing sides in a political alliance.
One example came after the massacre of the Waldensians of Provence in where 3, were slaughtered. Calvin was so dismayed that in a space of twenty-one days he visited Berne, Aurich, Schaffhausen, Basle, and Strasbourg, before addressing the deputies of the Cantons at the Diet of Arau, pleading everywhere for an intercession on behalf of those who survived. One of Calvin's better known letters was his reply to Jacopo Sadoleto 's "Letter to the Genevans,"  and this "Reformation Debate" remains in print today.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Institutes of the Christian Religion. Translated by Geoffrey W. Cambridge University Press , pp. An Introduction to His Thought , London: Bouwsma, William James , John Calvin: Oxford University Press , p.
Parker , pp. Basil Blackwell , pp. A Biography , Grand Rapids, Michigan: A Biography , Oxford: Lion Hudson plc, pp. De Greef , pp. An indispensable resource for the study of John Calvin, this book guides readers through the many writings of the great Genevan reformer. In this expanded edition, Wulfert de Greef explores the historical background of Calvin's writings while providing helpful insights into the individual texts themselves. A biography of Calvin, which focuses on the main events of his life and the people with whom he dealt, is an added feature of this highly useful reference work.
Wulfert de Greef heads an organization to promote Reformation studies in the Netherlands. He received his Ph. My library Help Advanced Book Search. Westminster John Knox Press Amazon.
by John Calvin, translated by Henry Beveridge  A Perpetual Exercise of Faith. The Daily Benefits Derived from It. Institutes of the Christian Religion, Bk. 3, Ch. XX. On the Christian Life by John Calvin, translated by Henry .
THE COMPLETE WORKS OF JOHN CALVIN Within these volumes you can access other study helps [ bible, theology, commentary, sermons, and more ].
In this volume, John Calvin provides an engaging commentary on the book of Jeremiah and Lamentations. Originally given as a series of lectures, Calvin's commentary is useful both for intellectual study and spiritual growth. Throughout, Calvin incorporates his . The John Calvin Site Calvin's Latin writings fill 59 volumes of the massive Corpus Reformatorum. Many of his works have been translated into English—some several times—and have gone through numerous editions.
Born July 10, in Noyon, France, Jean Calvin was raised in a staunch Roman Catholic family. The local bishop employed Calvin’s father as an administrator in the town’s cathedral. The father, in turn, wanted John to become a priest. Days with Calvin: A Unique Collection of Readings from the Writings of John Calvin ( Days with) Nov 1, by John Calvin and Joel R Beeke. Hardcover. $ $ 20 00 Prime. FREE Shipping on eligible orders. Only 9 left in stock - order soon. More Buying Choices. $ (27 used & new offers).