The infection started with a egg size boil at the location that the flea would bite at. It would them move either to the blood stream causing death quickly or would move to the lungs giving the infected pneumonia like symptoms killing them within a week.
In a modern setting any bacterium would be quickly identified and a antigen would be synthetically produced to help fight the infection. As well we would be able to fight the bacterium using medicines that were not around during the period that the plague struck Europe and Asia.
The world has also improved on sanitation since the time. Germany at the time practiced a level of sanitation that is easily not as advanced as almost any culture in the world today.
The first outbreak in Zaire had mutated from a virus that only infected monkeys to an airborne version that infected humans as well. Once in the blood stream, it targets an organ that produces chemicals that hold the bonds between cells in other organs that keep the organs shape and structure. The virus then breaks apart bonds that hold cells together in organs. The infected organs in essence turn to mush and skin being an organ seeps body fluids from its pores and weak points like the eyes.
This would send body fluids containing the virus flying in all directions enabling it to move from person to person by infecting a large area around the convulsing victim. The next stage is death. This would all happen in a matter of days. One of the reasons Ebola is so hard to contain is because it can survive in a dead body for weeks.
Due to the fact that as humans we feel a need to take care of our deceased, infection can occur in people that are trying to burry the bodies of the infected or people living in the same place or area as an infected person. The main reason that the Ebola virus was so unsuccessful at killing large numbers of people was because it killed so quickly that it would kill most of the village. The term is used to describe the stage of the Ebola infection when the infected goes into convolutions and their body temperature increases dramatically.
This is the final stage before death. Like HIV it can mutate at an amazing rate making it impossible to create a vaccine to fight it. Due to these reasons if it were to infect a large populace that lived reasonably close together, like India, the result would be devastating because the virus would not have enough room to kill itself out. The number of people that have died as a result of the bubonic plague is in the millions. In Europe alone, it has claimed millions of lives.
It is believed that the population of Europe in was 83 million and by the population was down to 60 million. Most of these deaths were caused by the plague.
As civilization advanced, and people became more aware of being sanitary, the infection rate was much lower till it one day nearly disappeared. Outbreaks still occurred, but were less devastating and less frequent. The last occurrence of the black plague being transmitted from rats to humans was in in Los Angeles killing 31 of the 32 infected.
The Japanese in W. II used it as a biological weapon against the Chinese but proved to be an unsuccessful weapon , possibly due to the Chinese having a more advanced hygiene system then they had when the plague was more prevalent in the past.
The first outbreak of Ebola was in Zaire. After killing itself out, it re-emerged in Sudan in It is hard to point a finger at what these outbreaks were originally caused by or who their original carriers were.
Monkeys are a known carrier due to the Reston outbreak that killed all of the monkeys in the Quarantine laboratory, but many other animals such as birds and lizards are known to carry the disease as well. This makes it almost impossible to stop the original transmission of the virus from animal to human due to the wide variety of possible carriers and their wide spread abundance around the south western part of the world.
The major reason that the plague would have trouble becoming a major problem in a modern setting is the fact that it is a bacterium.
Bacteria responds to antibiotics and the human immune system has an easy time identifying it as infectious due to their physical size, and can more easily produce antigens to fight the bacteria. Due to the fact that a bacterium is living, acting and responding to stimulus in the way all living things do, it can be more easily targeted my modern medicine. Bacteria tend to die at lower levels of stimulus extremity. Bacteria as well take a lot longer time evolve then virus although they will evolve with time modern medical science can keep up with it.
The bubonic plague bacteria has been know mutate into different strains to but has not undergone any major mutations that would change it enough to stop responding to current medical treatments that would be used against it. Bacteria are too responsive to stimulus, and would not be able evolve faster then modern science thus in a modern setting it would not be able to become a major epidemic.
The reason that Ebola would be able to become a major problem in a modern environment is that it is a virus, a unique virus that uses speed and aggression to kill its victims. Being a virus it does not take on all of the characteristics of living beings. They do not have a response to stimuli nor do they reproduce by themselves. Viruses do not respond to any antibiotics thus taking one more weapon modern science could use against it.
How do people survive then? When the virus is attacked by the human immune system, the virus can be weakened or destroyed.
Unfortunately, the virus tends to kill the victims before the immune system can start that process, using speed as a weapon. It has been known to mutate from a strictly infectious disease that can only be transferred by direct contact with contaminated body fluids to a more deadly version that is airborne. Hence, because of its lack of response to stimuli and ability to mutate at an alarmingly quick rate, it would be able to change faster, as stay ahead of modern science.
The Ebola virus has become an unwelcome reminder that, for all its advances, modern medicine has yet to win the war against infectious diseases. Bib1, CQ Researcher, In order for the Ebola virus to thrive it must infect an animal or plant without killing it. Once a virus kills its host, it dies too.
Therefore, there must be a host that the virus infects but does not kill. Zoologist Chistophe Boesch, of the Swiss Institute of Zoology, and his team have been studying the chimps since The team performed an autopsy on one chimp that had died of the strange illness and discovered that it had suffered from a hemorrhagic fever.
Eight days later, one of the scientists who helped with the autopsy became sick. She survived, but her blood samples shoed that she had been infected with Ebola.
But, what is to blame in the outbreaks of these horrible diseases? Experts believe that the Ebola epidemic in Zaire happened in part because hospitals there lack common medical supplies, such as surgical gloves, masks, new hypodermic syringes to inject medicines, and clean water.
Ill equipped doctors and nurses became infected by coming in contact with the bodily fluids of sick patients they treated. The medical personnel went on to infect other patients and people they know, triggering the epidemic. Experts also believe that what remains of the surveillance systems is inadequate to deal with emerging diseases like Ebola. The American legislatures at this time see no reason to spend extra money since the Ebola virus is not really a threat to the United States.
So no research is being done, at least in the U. According to researchers all over the world there are some simple steps the governments can take to make progress against Ebola. For starters more money will fix a big part of the problem.
The Ebola virus, as mysterious and fatal as it is, can be stopped and destroyed if we spend more money for research. Hospital staffs in Zaire will be instructed by the Center for Diseases Control and Prevention about how to limit the spread of the disease and proper ways for containment of the virus. Most important, the CDC will try to find the source of the infection.
It is clear that prevention of a world wide outbreak lies within the education of what the virus is capable of doing, how Ebola victims can be properly treated, and by performing prompt action to isolate the virus before it has dispersed.
In conclusion, one has seen the facts as horrible and gory as they are, but it is the truth and I believe it is our job as citizens of America to protect our children and all those around the world as well as ourselves , so start educating now. First two outbreaks B. What is Ebola A. The Ebola virus in general B. Contraction of Ebola A. Must infect animal first B. Chimpanzees are the suspected hosts VI. What is to blame A. Poor facilities are impart to blame B. Inadequate surveillance systems C.
Poor governmental quoperation VII. Prevention and what it helping A. Hospitals staffs are now better informed C. CDC is helping D. Bib4, Musilam, 1 Can Ebola make it to the U.
Bib3, Ebola, 1 Ebola is part of a new rising viral infections, filoviruses, arenaviruses, flaviruses, and bunyaviruses are the viruses responsible for causing viral hemorrhagic fevers. Bib5, Ebola Paper, 1 The Ebola virus spreads through the blood and is replicated in organs, including the liver, lymphatic organs, kidneys, ovaries and testes. Bib4, Musilam, 2 The Ebola virus is transmitted through contact with the bodily fluids of those infected.
Bib1, CQ Researcher, In order for the Ebola virus to thrive it must infect an animal or plant without killing it. Bib2, Ebola Virus Outbreak Spreads in Zaire, Experts also believe that what remains of the surveillance systems is inadequate to deal with emerging diseases like Ebola.
Summary, Conclusion and Policy Recommendation Summary and Conclusion This research has examined the relationship between the determinants of Ebola outbreak and its impact on the demography of Africa using annual time series data between and
Ebola Virus Essay, Research Paper OUTLINE Thesis Statement: The deadly virus Ebola is killing thousands of innocent people world wide, but there are some simple steps that are being taken to prevent this coming tide of deadly parasites.
Ebola: A Media Induced Frenzy What is Ebola? Ebola is a disease that is fatal as well as very infectious. It is known for causing a high fever and is linked to vast bleeding that is internal. It is a virus that is spread through the contact of a bodily fluid from someone who has it. Research Papers words ( pages) The Ebola Virus Essay - Ebola hemorrahagic fever is a 20 year old virus that, with a mortality rate of 50% to 90%, is one of the world's deadliest viruses.
view ebola_research_paper from dba at walden university. a.b.c the impact of ebola outbreak on the demography of africa an empirical analysis of nigeria and west africa akharumere augustine%(1). Ebola research papers discuss the emergence of this disease in the world today. Paper Masters has researchers that write on Ebola and other medical health diseases. Ebola is a very destructive disease that is caused by an ebola virus There are a myriad of symptoms that ultimately lead to the death of the carrier if decisive action is not taken.