Side 2 The Cold War was inevitable due to these three reasons: Side 1 The Cold War was avoidable in that better negotiation efforts could have been made, had not the U.
In China, the U. In Korea, the U. In the Middle East, the U. To what extent was the Cold War inevitable? Was there any way that the tensions of the cold war could have been quelled?
Did the Cold War strengthen or weaken the U. What were some of the benefits of the Cold War? What part of the Cold War do you think was the worst? Although the Cold War was avoidable in that better negotiation efforts could have been made, it was mainly inevitable in that the U. United States and Soviet Union misunderstandings about one another. The Truman Doctrine created an image for Americans of a cunning and dangerous Russia and the Marshall Plan created an image for Russians of an aggorant spoiled America that used its money to take what rightfully belonged to the Soviet Union.
Truman and many Americans saw Russian socialism cruel and ineffective, making Soviet controlled areas the victims of forced socialism that most people did not enjoy. The USSR thought capitalism a Western weapon of encirclement and the US thought communism a controllable force that is expansive and too aggressive to deal with.
Korean War Support 2: The Atomic Bomb with its power to destroy the world and each country's idea for the bomb disagreed with the other's. The United States was a republic run on capitalism and the Soviet Union was a communist run on socialism - Because These countries could naturally not work together because their ideologies disagreed on almost every spectrum.
They were the only two powerful countries from the ashes of the Second World War. The power vacuum from the fall of Germany was bound to have the two countries spill blood over the power left. The Cold War was avoidable to some extent if there had been better negotiation efforts on both sides. American actions that pushed the USSR away from negotiations could have been avoided. Misleading conclusions of the Teheran and Moscow Conferences The Grand Alliance showed their capability of working together, even though it was mainly a convenience against a common enemy.
The alliance was still effective in defeating Nazi Germany. There are several views as to whose fault the Cold War was and these views can be traced back to the inter war era. However the topic for debate mainly seems to be who was to blame.
The traditionalists1 and post- neo revisionists2 blamed the USSR and Stalin, the revisionists3 blamed the US and the neo-revisionists4 took a balance of the two positions. My view would be that of the neo-revisionists showing both sides to be at fault in some way and the Cold War arising from an unfortunate but understandable series of mistakes and misunderstandings.
The first seeds of mistrust between the powers were sown as far back as , with the Russian revolution occurring and the new government pulling Russia out of the First World War and concluding a separate peace with Germany Treaty of Brest Litovsk in Rather it sought to isolate this new ideology as it fear the spread of communism which would upset the already unstable situation in Europe and within its own borders, following the depression of It was only when Stalin began to rule that he focused more on internally building up the USSR and gaining security for it in the ever turbulent world around it.
Therefore these pre war tensions were set in place for when the Second World War ended, making the Cold War even more imminent. However a lot of the tensions could have been avoided had the powers sought to peacefully co-exist and not sought to export their ideologies. Therefore the cold war was not inevitable.
This is most obviously seen in the handling of the issue of Czechoslovakia. However the British and the French backed by the Americans refused this offer, persuading the Czechs to surrender. It had caused a lot of trouble in Europe with riots and unrest in many cities.
There were also doubts about the competence of the Red Army, although it silenced those critics later on during the war. So these tensions proved to be obstacles in the way of co-operation, again sowing bad feelings on both sides and with each step the Cold War was becoming more and more likely to come about, post This removed one possible war front and allowed the USSR to deal with the threat on its eastern border, namely Japan.
However the Nazi Soviet pact again contributed to great anger among the Allies, showing in their eyes the USSR to be very hypocritical in its thinking, first attacking Nazism and then siding with it. However what was misunderstood by the US was that Stalin saw this alliance to be temporary so that his country could properly prepare and deal with the other threat facing them. So it was not a betrayal of principals but rather a calculated risk in order to protect the nation.
Similarly the USSR failed to grasp that some in the west viewed appeasing Hitler as simply buying time to prepare for war. Had both sides understood this then perhaps they could have joined forces more quickly than they did and prevented the war continuing as long as it did. The Nazi-Soviet pact was grossly misunderstood by the West, thereby dividing the two sides when they should have united against a common enemy. It was added to the list of things that would be brought up after the war to prove that the two sides were irreconcilably different and therefore was another factor as to why the Cold War was imminent but not inevitable.
During the war, after Russia came on the side of the western allies in , there seemed hope that the previous differences of ideology could be put aside as they all faced a common enemy and therefore afterwards no confrontational action needed to arise.
And on first appearance this seemed to be the case; the alliance worked well as the great powers fought side by side, culminating in victory in However beneath this victory still lay the tensions, which became most apparent in the conferences of the allies towards the end of the war. He offered economic growth as a means to confront Communism. The 19 th century Capitalist European powers had adopted a policy of isolation towards the Soviets.
The Bolshevik exclusion from diplomacy constituted into agreements such as the treaty of Brest-Litovsk which resulted in the loss of territory to Russia.
Formally Colby A fear of communism was spread by exiles from the civil war as well as several prominent anti-Bolsheviks. As a result the public opinion in the USA came to a turning point. Inevitably these spheres would cross as the boundaries of influence were drawn closer. The modern world had become smaller; improved transport and communication due to rapid advances during both world wars.
The military technological advance also saw the increased size of military weapons and the distance that they were able to travel. The striking range of armaments meant that international conflict could be fought within their own borders. The new form of war was established with the end of the last. The dropping of the A-bomb on Japan brought warfare into a new era of nuclear weaponry. Revisionist historian Gar Alperovitz argues that the use of nuclear bombs on japan was not used to win the war quickly but to intimidate the Soviets.
In his opinion the cold war is a result of the use of the atomic bomb. From its dropping in the war was therefore inevitable; it would ultimately lead to the space race and nuclear tension.
The end of the war saw not only technological change but political. However the isolationist policy had meant that public opinion was already opposed to foreign commitments over Japan and Germany. This tension during the war inevitably lead to the breakdown of this wartime alliance one the common enemy was defeated. From the start, the alliance was based on mutual distrust. The soviets lagged in technological advance and saw the need for an alliance in order to uphold its borders.
However throughout the war ideological mistrust as well as memories of Munich tainted their alliance. These seemed to be rightly held by the soviets as the allies push Hitler further east towards Stalin, the Russians lost more men and suffered far more than any other. With this conflict seemed inevitable.
The change in American policy made it hard for soviet policy makers to determine their reaction. At the end of the war the A-bomb also made Soviet-American relations tricky. Its development bred resentment and distrust; the high levels of espionage throughout the war, on both sides, show this.
USSR planned for peace on the assumption of a secure western border with a weakened Germany. Fears and suspicions still circulated however about Russian behaviour in Eastern Europe. The division of Germany at Potsdam was a way of dealing with the indecision and conflicting aims of the allies.
In the end, the Cold War was inevitable as a result of the conflict of interest between nations, whether it be the ideological gulf between communism and capitalism or the determining the political future of Eastern Europe, which was ultimately fuelled by the unstable post World War II environment.
Thesis: Although the Cold War was avoidable in that better negotiation efforts could have been made, it was mainly inevitable in that the U.S. and the Soviet Union had undeniable differences and the Soviet Union was impossible to reason with.
Kimball, Warren F. "The Incredible Shrinking War: The Second World War, Not (Just) the Origins of the Cold War." Diplomatic History 25, no. 3 (): Leffler, Melvyn P. "Adherence to Agreements: Yalta and the Experiences of the Early Cold War." International Security 11, no. 1 (): Lewkowicz, Nicolas. Was the Cold War Inevitable?ARTS ESSAY th September, The orthodox view of the Cold War elucidates its inevitability due to the great ideological differences that existed between the Soviet Union and United States.
Was the Cold War Inevitable? ARTS ESSAY 16th September, The orthodox view of the Cold War elucidates its inevitability due to the great ideological differences that existed between the Soviet Union and United States. Jan 31, · To what extent was the cold war inevitable? The cold war is often argued as an ideological confrontation between the political systems of the capitalists versus the communists. This battle transforms itself into several forms through the second half of the 20 th century and its impact has shaped the modern world.